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Housing health and safety rating system (HHSRS)

Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS) is the method used by local authorities to assess housing conditions. The Housing Act 2004 Part 1 establishes the HHSRS as the current statutory assessment criterion for housing and it is based on the principle that:

  • Any residential premises should provide a safe and healthy environment for any potential occupier or visitor.

The system applies to all dwellings including owner occupied, privately rented and Council and Housing Association dwellings. We are required to keep housing conditions in privately owned property under review and also have a duty to inspect a property where we have reason to believe that it is appropriate to determine the presence of health and safety hazards.

Why do we inspect homes?

Most of our inspections are in the private rented sector. This is the area where occupiers have least control over the condition of their property and surveys of the stock condition show housing conditions to be poorest.

The Housing Act 2004 gives us a duty to keep the housing conditions in their area under review with a view to identifying any action that may need to be taken by us.

If we consider that it would be appropriate for any residential premises in our area to be inspected with a view to determining whether any category 1 or 2 hazard exists on those premises, then we must arrange for such an inspection to be carried out.