There are various types of fleas, most infestations are caused by the cat or dog flea and are carried in to the home or commercial premises by cats and dogs or on the clothes of humans.

In order to successfully treat a flea problem all animals must be treated to prevent re-infestation.

Fleas are 1 - 4mm long and brown in colour; they don't have wings but are able to jump. A female flea can lay up to 1000 eggs over 2 years of life.

Fleas are parasites and to survive they feed on the blood of either a human or animal host. After feeding the female drop eggs on to the floor or nearby surfaces. The eggs turn into larvae, the larvae takes 2 to 3 weeks to develop, they spin a cocoon and after another 2 to 3 weeks will become an adult flea.

The adult flea usually emerges within seven weeks but can remain as a pupa throughout the winter, only emerging when triggered by the movement of a suitable host.

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